#### Solved Examples and Worksheet for Multiplication Arrays

Q1Choose the number sentence for the array shown.

A. 3 × 6 = 18
B. 4 × 4 = 8
C. 4 × 3 = 12
D. 4 × 4 = 16

Step: 1
The array is of 16 rectangles.
Step: 2
There are 16 rectangles with 4 rows of 4 rectangles in each column.
Step: 3
Number of rows × number of rectangles in each row = the total number of rectangles.
Step: 4
4 × 4 = 16
[Substitute the values.]
Step: 5
So, the number sentence is 4 × 4 = 16.
Correct Answer is :   4 × 4 = 16
Q2Choose a multiplication sentence for the rectangle.

A. 1 × 8 = 8
B. 3 × 4 = 12
C. 3 × 6 = 18
D. 8 × 3 = 24

Step: 1
The rectangle has a total of 18 squares with 3 rows and 6 columns.
Step: 2
The multiplication sentence for the given rectangle is 3 × 6 = 18.
Correct Answer is :   3 × 6 = 18
Q3Choose the number sentence for the array.

A. 6 × 5 = 24
B. 6 × 5 = 30
C. 6 × 5 = 11
D. 6 × 5 = 25

Step: 1
The array shows 6 rows with 5 circles in each row and there are 30 circles in all.
Step: 2
Number of rows × Number of circles in each row = Total number of circles
Step: 3
6 × 5 = 30
[Substitute the values.]
Step: 4
So, the number sentence that represents the array shown is "6 × 5 = 30".
Correct Answer is :   6 × 5 = 30
Q4Choose a multiplication fact shown by the model.

A. 2 + 4 = 6
B. 4 × 3 = 7
C. 1 + 8 = 8
D. 2 × 4 = 8

Step: 1
We observe from the figure that there is two rows of aeroplanes and each row consists of four aeroplanes.
Step: 2
The number of aeroplanes shown is 2 × 4 = 8.
[Write the multiplication fact.]
Step: 3
So the multiplication fact shown by the model is 2 × 4 = 8.
Correct Answer is :   2 × 4 = 8
Q5Paula gave 3 slices of watermelon to each one of her friends. If there were three friends, then which number sentence shows the total number of slices she distributed?

A. 3 × 4
B. 3 + 3 + 3 + 3
C. 3 × 3

Step: 1
Number of slices of watermelon each friend got = 3
[Paula gave 3 slices of watermelon to each one of her friends.]
Step: 2
Total number of slices of watermelon Paula needs = 3 + 3 + 3
[There were three friends.]
Step: 3
= 3 × 3
[Write the addition fact as multiplication fact.]
Correct Answer is :   3 × 3
Q6Choose the number sentence for the array shown.

A. 4 × 3 = 12
B. 4 × 4 = 16
C. 3 × 6 = 18

Step: 1
The array is of 16 rectangles.
Step: 2
There are 16 rectangles with 4 rows of 4 rectangles in each column.
Step: 3
Number of rows × number of rectangles in each row = the total number of rectangles.
Step: 4
4 × 4 = 16
[Substitute the values.]
Step: 5
So, the number sentence is 4 × 4 = 16.
Correct Answer is :   4 × 4 = 16
Q7Choose a multiplication fact shown by the model.

A. 3 + 3 = 6
B. 2 × 3 = 5
C. 1 × 5 = 5

Step: 1
We observe from the figure that there is just one row of flowers and the row consists of five flowers.
Step: 2
The number of flowers shown is 1 × 5 = 5.
[Write the multiplication fact.]
Step: 3
So the multiplication fact shown by the model is 1 × 5 = 5.
Correct Answer is :   1 × 5 = 5
Q8Choose a multiplication fact shown by the model.

A. 1 × 6 = 6
B. 1 × 7 = 7
C. 2 + 5 = 7

Step: 1
We observe from the figure that there is just one row of butterflies and the row consists of seven butterflies.
Step: 2
The number of butterflies shown is 1 × 7 = 7.
[Write the multiplication fact.]
Step: 3
So the multiplication fact shown by the model is 1 × 7 = 7.
Correct Answer is :   1 × 7 = 7
Q9Edward has 4 groups of balloons. Each group has equal number of balloons. Which number sentence helps to find the total number of balloons that Edward has?

A. 4 × 4 = 16
B. 4 × 2 = 8
C. 4 × 4 = 18
D. 4 × 4 = 14

Step: 1
Number of groups = 4
Step: 2
Each group has 4 balloons.
Step: 3
4 + 4 + 4 + 4 = 16, 4 groups of 4 = 16
Step: 4
4 fours = 16, 4 × 4 = 16
Step: 5
Therefore, the number sentence 4 × 4 = 16 gives the total numbers of balloons that Edward has.
Correct Answer is :   4 × 4 = 16
Q10Choose the appropriate number sentence for the array shown.

A. 4 + 6 = 10
B. 6 - 4 = 2
C. 4 × 6 = 24
D. 3 × 6 = 18

Step: 1
The array shows 4 rows with 6 squares in each row and there are 24 squares in all.
Step: 2
Number of rows × Number of squares in each row = Total number of squares
Step: 3
4 × 6 = 24
[Substitute the values.]
Step: 4
So, the number sentence that represents the array shown is 4 × 6 = 24.
Correct Answer is :   4 × 6 = 24
Q11Which number sentence tells you how many rabbits are there?

A. 2 + 11 = 13
B. 2 × 12 = 24
C. 2 × 11 = 22
D. 2 + 12 = 14

Step: 1
The picture shows 2 rows of rabbits with 12 rabbits in each row and there are 24 rabbits in all.
Step: 2
Number of rows × Number of rabbits in each row = Total number of rabbits
Step: 3
2 × 12 = 24
[Substitute the values.]
Step: 4
So, the number sentence that tells us the total number of rabbits in the picture is 2 × 12 = 24.
Correct Answer is :   2 × 12 = 24