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Definition Of Transformation

Functions which map points of a pre-image onto its image is called transformation.

The dimensions of three-dimensional figures are length, width, and height

More About Transformation

Any figure which is moved from one location to another location
on the coordinate plane without changing its shape, size, or orientation is called translation.

Examples of Transformation

The transformation used in the figure-1 to change as figure-2 is 'reflection'.

Video Examples: Transformations



  • Figure 2 is the rotation of Figure 1.
    Figure 2 is the translation of Figure 1.
    A'B'C'D' is a dilation of ABCD.

Solved Example on Transformation

Ques: What type of transformation can you observe in the figure?


A. Rotation
B. Reflection
C. Translation
D. None of the above
Correct Answer: C


Step 1: The cube A has been moved 6 units right and 5 units down.
Step 2: The image of the cube A is the cube A'.
Step 3: A ® A’ 
Step 4: So, the transformation is translation.