**Definition of Transformation**

- Functions which map points of a pre-image onto its image is called transformation.

**More about Transformation**

- Translation:

Any figure which is moved from one location to another location on the coordinate plane without changing its shape, size, or orientation is called translation.

**Examples of Transformation**

- The transformation used in the figure-1 to change as figure-2 is 'reflection'.

- Figure 2 is the rotation of Figure 1.

- Figure 2 is the translation of Figure 1.

- A'B'C'D' is a dilation of ABCD.

**Solved Example on Transformation **

What type of transformation can you observe in the figure?

Choices:

A. Rotation

B. Reflection

C. Translation

D. None of the above

Correct Answer: C

Solution:

Step 1:The cube A has been moved 6 units right and 5 units down.

Step 2:The image of the cube A is the cube A'.

Step 3:A ® A’

Step 4:So, the transformation is translation.

**Related Terms for Transformation**

- Slide
- Flip
- Turn
- Rotate
- Reflection
- Translation
- Dilation