multiplication


Definition of Multiplication

  • Multiplication of two numbers is the repeated addition of one number to the number of times equal to the other number.

More about Multiplication

  • Multiplication is one of the basic arithmetic operations.
  • The multiplication symbol is denoted by ‘×’.
  • Multiplication of numbers is commutative, associative, and distributive.

Example of Multiplication

  • 4 × 5 = 20

To multiply 4 with 5, 4 can be added 5 times i.e. 4 + 4 + 4 + 4 + 4 = 20.

Solved Example on Multiplication

Cathy distributed 3 apples each to 6 of her friends. The number of apples she had in all, is given by 3 × 6. Identify the repeated addition statement that represents 3 × 6.
Choices:
A. 4 + 4 + 4 + 4
B. 9 + 9 + 9
C. 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3
D. 6 + 6 + 6 + 6
Correct Answer = C
Solution:
Step 1: The number of apples Cathy distributed is 3 × 6.
Step 2: There are 6 equal groups of 3. [Write the multiplication fact as repeated addition.]
Step 3: So, 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 is the repeated addition statement for 3 × 6.

Related Terms for Multiplication

  • Addition
  • Array