Multiplication

Definition of Multiplication

Multiplication of two numbers is the repeated addition of one number to the number of times equal to the other number.

More About Multiplication

  • Multiplication is one of the basic arithmetic operations.
  • The multiplication symbol is denoted by ג.
  • Multiplication of numbers is commutative, associative, and distributive.

Video Examples: Multiplication: Learning Times Tables for 8s and 2s


Examples of Multiplication

    4 5 = 20
    Examples of Multiplication
    To multiply 4 with 5, 4 can be added 5 times i.e. 4 + 4 + 4 + 4 + 4 = 20.

Solved Example on Multiplication

Ques: Cathy distributed 3 apples each to 6 of her friends. The number of apples she had in all, is given by 3 6. Identify the repeated addition statement that represents 3 6.

    Choices:
    A. 4 + 4 + 4 + 4
    B. 9 + 9 + 9
    C. 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3
    D. 6 + 6 + 6 + 6
    Correct Answer = C

Solution:

    Step 1: The number of apples Cathy distributed is 3 6.
    Step 2: There are 6 equal groups of 3. [Write the multiplication fact as repeated addition.]
    Step 3: So, 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 is the repeated addition statement for 3 6.