**Definition of Multiplication**

- Multiplication of two numbers is the repeated addition of one number to the number of times equal to the other number.

**More about Multiplication**

- Multiplication is one of the basic arithmetic operations.
- The multiplication symbol is denoted by ‘×’.
- Multiplication of numbers is commutative, associative, and distributive
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**Example of Multiplication**

- 4 × 5 = 20

To multiply 4 with 5, 4 can be added 5 times i.e. 4 + 4 + 4 + 4 + 4 = 20.

**Solved Example on Multiplication**

Cathy distributed 3 apples each to 6 of her friends. The number of apples she had in all, is given by 3 × 6. Identify the repeated addition statement that represents 3 × 6.

Choices:

A. 4 + 4 + 4 + 4

B. 9 + 9 + 9

C. 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3

D. 6 + 6 + 6 + 6

Correct Answer = C

Solution:

Step 1:The number of apples Cathy distributed is 3 × 6.

Step 2:There are 6 equal groups of 3. [Write the multiplication fact as repeated addition.]

Step 3:So, 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 is the repeated addition statement for 3 × 6.

**Related Terms for Multiplication**

- Addition
- Array