Multiplication of two numbers is the repeated addition of one number to the number of times equal to the other number.

More About Multiplication

Multiplication is one of the basic arithmetic operations.
The multiplication symbol is denoted by ×.
Multiplication of numbers is commutative, associative, and distributive.

Video Examples: Multiplication: Learning Times Tables for 8s and 2s

Examples of Multiplication

4 × 5 = 20

To multiply 4 with 5, 4 can be added 5 times i.e. 4 + 4 + 4 + 4 + 4 = 20.

Solved Example on Multiplication

Ques: Cathy distributed 3 apples each to 6 of her friends. The number of apples she had in all, is given by 3 × 6. Identify the repeated addition statement that represents 3 × 6.

Choices:

A. 4 + 4 + 4 + 4
B. 9 + 9 + 9
C. 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3
D. 6 + 6 + 6 + 6
Correct Answer = C

Solution:

Step 1: The number of apples Cathy distributed is 3 × 6.
Step 2: There are 6 equal groups of 3. [Write the multiplication fact as repeated addition.]
Step 3: So, 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 is the repeated addition statement for 3 × 6.