"Mass per unit volume of a substance" is known as density.
In S.I. system of units mass is measured in Kilograms, and the volume is measured in cubic meters (m3)
The units for density are Kg/ m3
Mass is measured with common balance and the volume is calculated by using different formulae for different types of objects
Example: Volume of a rectangular block = length x breadth x height ( l x b x h).
Find the volume of the following rectangular
Length = 4 m : Breadth = 3 m : Height = 1 m ;
Volume of the rectangular block = 4 x 3 x 1 = 12 m3
Volume of Irregular solid (if the shape is not in a regular form) the volume is calculated by using measuring cylinder.
Example: Find the mass of the following object
Take a measuring cylinder.
Fill it partly with water and note the level of water level.
Lower the solid into a partly filled measuring cylinder.
Again note the water level. The rise in level on the volume scale gives the volume of solid. (Final water level � Initial water level).
An object of mass 100 g is immersed in water as shown in the diagram
What is the density of the material from which the object is made?
Correct answer is "D".
Step 1: Mass of the substance = 100 gm
Step 2: Volume of the substance = 90 � 50 = 40 cm3
Step 3: Density of the substance Density = mass / volume =100/40 = 2.5g / cm
Related Terms: Mass | Volume