Density
Definition of Density
"Mass per unit volume of a substance" is known as density.
Example: Find the mass of the following object
What is the density of the material from which the object is made?
Related Terms: Mass  Volume
More About Density:
 In S.I. system of units mass is measured in Kilograms, and the volume is measured in cubic meters (m3)
 The units for density are Kg/ m3
 Mass is measured with common balance and the volume is calculated by using different formulae for different types of objects
 Example: Volume of a rectangular block = length x breadth x height ( l x b x h). Find the volume of the following rectangular block
Length = 4 m : Breadth = 3 m : Height = 1 m ;
Volume of the rectangular block = 4 x 3 x 1 = 12 m3
Volume of Irregular solid (if the shape is not in a regular form) the volume is calculated by using measuring cylinder.
Example: Find the mass of the following object
 Take a measuring cylinder.
 Fill it partly with water and note the level of water level.
 Lower the solid into a partly filled measuring cylinder.
 Again note the water level. The rise in level on the volume scale gives the volume of solid. (Final water level � Initial water level).
Worked Example:
An object of mass 100 g is immersed in water as shown in the diagramWhat is the density of the material from which the object is made?

A. 0.4g/cm3
B. 0.9g/cm3
C. 1.1g/cm3
D. 2.5g/cm3
Solution

Step 1: Mass of the substance = 100 gm
Step 2: Volume of the substance = 90 � 50 = 40 cm3
Step 3: Density of the substance Density = mass / volume =100/40 = 2.5g / cm
Related Terms: Mass  Volume
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