linear inequality


Definition of Linear Inequality

  • A Linear Inequality involves a linear expression in two variables by using any of the relational symbols such as <,>, ≤ or ≥

More about Linear Inequality

  • A linear inequality divides a plane into two parts.
  • If the boundary line is solid, then the linear inequality must be either ≥ or ≤.
  • If the boundary line is dotted, then the linear inequality must be either > or <.>

Example of Linear Inequality

  • As the boundary line in the above graph is a solid line, the inequality must be either ≥ or ≤. Since the region below the line is shaded, the inequality should be ‘≤’. We can notice that the line y = - 2x + 4 is included in the graph; therefore, the inequality is y ≤ - 2x + 4. Any point in the shaded plane is a solution and even the points that fall on the line are also solutions to the inequality.
  • 4x + 6y ≤ 12, x + 6 ≥ 14, 2x - 6y < 12="" +="" 2x,="" 9y="">< 12="" +="" 2x="" are="" the="" examples="" of="" linear="" inequalities.="">

Solved Example on Linear Inequality

Which of the graphs best suits the inequality y < x="" -="">



Choices:
A. Graph 1
B. Graph 2
C. Graph 3
D. Graph 4
Correct Answer: A
Solution:
Step 1: Since the inequality ‘involves less than’ (<), use="" dashed="" boundary="" line="" to="" graph="" the="" inequality="" y="">< x="" -="" 4="" as="" in="" the="" below="" shown="">

Step 2: Test a point, which is not on the boundary line.
Test (0, 0) in the inequality.
y < x="" –="" 4="" [substitute.]="">
0 < 0="" –="">
0 < -="" 4="">
Step 3: Since the inequality is false for (0, 0), shade the region that does not contain (0, 0).

Step 4: Therefore, Graph 1 best suit the inequality y < x="" -="">

Related Terms for Linear Inequality

  • Graphs
  • Inequality
  • Line
  • Linear
  • Plane
  • Side
  • Solution
  • Variable