# Hcf

## Hcf

Definition of Highest Common Factor (HCF)

The Highest Common Factor (HCF) of two or more numbers is the highest number that divides the numbers exactly.

More about Highest Common Factor (HCF)

If the highest common factor (HCF) of two numbers is equal to 1, then they are called co-prime or relatively prime.
The product of the highest common factor (HCF) and the lowest common multiple (LCM) of two numbers is equal to the product of the numbers.

Example of Highest Common Factor (HCF)

To find the HCF of 12, 24, and 36, first we list out the factors of the three numbers.
12 - 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, and 12
24 - 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, and 24
36 - 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, 18, and 36
So, the HCF of the numbers 12, 24, and 36 is 12.

In another method we need to write all the prime factors of the three numbers 12, 24, and 36.
12 - 2 × 2 × 3
24 - 2 × 2 × 2 × 3
36 - 2 × 2 × 3 × 3
Then we list out all the common prime factors. The common prime factors of the three numbers are 2 × 2 × 3.
Then we have to multiply the common prime factors.
2 × 2 × 3 = 12
So, the HCF of the three numbers 12, 24, and 36 is 12.

Solved Example on Highest Common Factor (HCF)

Find the HCF of 18 and 35.
Choices:
A. 1
B. 5
C. 7
D. 9