Division is an operation that tells us the number of groups that can be made out of a number of items or the number of items that should be there in a group.
The symbol '÷' denotes division.
For example, the division number sentence 8 ÷ 2 = 4 says that there are four groups of 2's in 8.

More About Division

Dividend: In a division problem, the number that is to be divided is called the dividend In the division number sentence 8 ÷ 2 = 4, 8 is the dividend.
Divisor: In a division number sentence, the number that divides the dividend is called the divisor.
In the division number sentence 8 ÷ 2 = 4, 2 is the divisor.
Divisible: A number is said to be divisible by another number, if, in the process of division, the remainder is zero. In the division number sentence 8 ÷ 2 = 4, 8 is divisible by 2 as there is no remainder.
Quotient: Upon division, the number obtained other than the remainder is called the quotient. In the division number sentence 8 ÷ 2 = 4, 4 is the quotient.
Remainder: Remainder is the number that is left over after dividing. In the division number sentence 9 ÷ 2 = 4 R 1, 1 is the remainder as 9 is not divisible by 2.

Video Examples: Long Division Math Problems

Solved Example on Division

Ques: Rita distributed 52 chocolates among 13 children. How many chocolates did each child receive?

Choices:

A. 4
B. 3
C. 13
D. 52
Correct Answer: A

Solution:

Step 1: Total number of chocolates = 52
Step 2: Total number of children = 13
Step 3: Number of chocolates received by each child = 52 ÷ 13 = 4.