Definition of Fibre

A small very thin hair like material

More About Fibre

  • Fibres are filamentous and can be woven or processed for manufacturing of ropes, mats or any kind of cloth
  • Fibres are broadly of two types

A) Natural fibres
B) Synthetic fibres 

  • The sources of natural fibres can be animal or plant
  • Animal sources of fibre include wool of sheep or goat, hair of horse or goat, silk fibres from the cocoon of silkworm, feathers of the birds
  • Plant sources of fibre include in the cotton, jute, hemp and bagasse
  • The plant sources differ in their origin of the fibre or collection from a particular plant part
  • It can be collected from - Seeds of cotton, the bast of flax, jute and hemp, the coconut fruit (coir), stalk fibre such as straws of wheat, rice, grass, bamboo
  • Wood from the tree is also another source of fibre, Example Bamboo and Sisal
  • Synthetic fibres are also called as artificial or man-made fibres
  • They are made by chemical processing of the raw materials such as petrochemical substances
  • They are made up of long chain of small units forming a polymer
  • Acrylic, nylon and rayon are the examples of synthetic fibres
  • Artificial fibres are cheaper than the natural fibres and they are not dependent on the harvest of the agricultural crop or animal breeding
  • They are durable and readily available
  • The clothes made from synthetic fibres are wrinkle free and easily dry when compared to those made from natural fibres
  • The use of the synthetic fibre varies from making different clothes, making tough ropes, parachutes, for fishing nets