Definition of Mesophytes
Land plants that are adapted to the moderate water and temperature conditions
Examples: Grass, Corn, Clover, Field crops, Goldenrod.
More About Mesophytes
- Mesophytes are unlike hydrophytes that require plenty water and xerophytes that
can survive in dry climate
- Mesophytes are the terrestrial plants or the land plants that can survive in neither
too dry nor too wet conditions
- The mesophytes have well adapted morphology and physiology to suit the water requirements
according to the availability
- They usually require a continuous supply of water
- They grow in a moderate climate with regards to the temperature and moisture conditions
- The stem is rigid and stout
- The root system is well developed with long tap root in dicots and fibrous rootin
- They are less tolerant to drought and lose water rapidly
- The leaves are usually broad, thin, large, dark green in colour and of various shapes.
They do not have waxy coating
- During hot temperatures, they can open the stomata and let the water evaporate to
overcome the temperature stress
- They do not have specific mechanisms as in the xerophytes, , i.e they lack the xeromorphic
Questions based on Mesophytes:
1) The plants that are growing in soil containing sufficient amount of water are
Solution: (d) Mesophytes require moderate supply of water.
2) Mesophytes have developed xeromorphic characteristics.
Solution: (b) Mesophytes do not have xermorphic characteristics, and hence they
become dry and die in drought conditions.
3) Which among the following is an example of a Mesophyte?
a) Aloe vera
c) Water lily
Solution: (b) Clover is a Mesophyte