Rearing and management of honey bees for commercial production of honey and other products of the beehive.
More About Apiculture
Apiculture is also called beekeeping
The scientific name of honey bee, i.e Apis mellifera (European wild beee),
Apisdorsata (Giant/Rock bee), Apiscerana ( Asiatic or Eastern bee) and Apisflorae (The little bee)
“Apis” is the genus of the honey bee and hence the name “Apiculture”
The place where the honey bees are reared is called a “bee yard” or an “Apiary”
The person who takes care of the Apiary is known as ‘Apiarist’
The honey bee basically collects pollen and nectar
Pollen provides the honeybee with the protein required for their development and breeding
The nectar provides with the energy requirement of the honey bees
The honey bees are of three types as follows
A) Queen bee: The biggest and the only fertile female in the honey comb that can reproduce
B) Drones: Fertile male bees in the honey comb capable of reproduction
C) Worker bee: Sterile female bees not capable for reproduction.
The important products of bee hive are as follows:
- It is good food with vitamins, sugars.
- It is antiseptic and blood purifier
- It is used to treat gastric problems
2) Bee Venom:
- Its is poisonous and is also known as Apitoxin
- It is used in treatment of arthritis
- For desensitizing people allergic to bee stings.
3) Bee wax:
- It is used by the honbey bees as a foundation for sealing large spaces in honey comb
- It is used in shoe and furniture polishes
- It is also used in candle making.
- It is a resinous substance collected by bees from the tree sap
- It is used to seal the small gaps in the honey comb
- It has wound healing, antimicrobial and antifungal properties.
5) Royal jelly :
- It is mainly used for the nutrition and development of the Queen bees
- It is used as medicine for ulcers, asthma, premenstrual syndrome, menopausal symptoms
- It is also used in skin care and cosmetics.