Trapezoid
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Definition of Trapezoid
The trapezoid has 2 sides that are parallel lines.
Trapezoid is a quadrilateral with only one pair of parallel sides
Examples of Trapezoid

The regular shape of a trapezoid
Video Examples: Geometry  Trapezoids
Solved Example on Trapezoid
Ques: A trapezoidal flowerbed has parallel sides of lengths 12 m and 6 m. Find the area of the flowerbed, if its height is 8 m.
Choices:
A. 76 m^{2}B. 72 m^{2}
C. 68 m^{2}
D. 74 m^{2}
Correct Answer: B
Solution:

Step 1: Flowerbed is in the form of a trapezium
Step 2: Area of the trapezoid ADEF = Area of the triangle ABF + Area of the triangle CDE + Area of the rectangle BCEF
Step 3: Area of the triangle = 1/2 × (base × height) [Formula.]
Step 4: Area of the triangle ABF = 1/2× (3 × 8) = 12 m^{2} [Substitute and simplify.]
Step 5: Area of the triangle CED =1/2 × (3 × 8) = 12 m^{2 }[Substitute and simplify.]
Step 6: Area of the rectangle BCEF = 6 × 8 = 48 m^{2 }[Area of the rectangle = length × width.]
Step 7: So, the area of the flowerbed = 48 + 12 + 12 = 72 m^{2}
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