**Definition of Parentheses**

- The symbols “(” and “)” are called parentheses and are generally used in grouping.

**More about Parentheses**

- The singular form of parentheses is known as parenthesis.
- Parentheses are used to denote modifications to normal order of operations.
- Parentheses are also called round brackets, curved brackets, oval brackets, or just brackets.

**Example of Parentheses**

- The value of the expression 5 × 8 + 4 is 40. But if we use the parentheses with the same expression by grouping (8 + 4), i.e. 5 × (8 + 4), the value of the expression will be 60 as the order of operation gets changed in this case.

**Solved Example on Parentheses**

What is the value of the expression (12 + 4) - 4?

Choices:

A. 8

B. 0

C. 12

D. 16

Correct Answer: C

Solution:

Step 1:The operations within the parentheses should be performed first.

Step 2:(12 + 4) – 4 [Original expression.]

Step 3: =16 - 4

Step 4: =12

Step 5:So, the value of the expression is 12.

**Related Terms for Parentheses**

- Brackets
- Grouping
- Order of Operations
- Symbol