negative integer


Definition of Negative Integer

  • A number which is less than zero but not a fraction or a decimal is called a Negative Integer.

More about Negative Integer

  • The negative integers are commonly denoted as Z.
  • It is represented by putting ‘-’ sign before the number.
  • For each positive integer, there is a negative integer, and these integers are called opposites.
  • It is shown to the left of zero on a number line.

Examples of Negative Integer

  • In the number line shown above, the negative integers are – 1, - 2, - 3, - 4, - 5, - 6, - 7, - 8, and so on.
  • Suppose a man gained $700 in one transaction and lost $1050 in another transaction. Then, overall he made $- 350 where ‘+’ sign indicates profit and ‘-’ sign indicates loss.
  • The value of the temperature 8 degrees below zero is - 8 degrees.

Solved Example on Negative Integer

Identify the number line that has an arrow indicating the location of negative integer - 3.

Choices:
A. Number line 4
B. Number line 3
C. Number line 2
D. Number line 1
Correct Answer: A
Solution:
Step 1: The integer - 3 is located 3 units to the left of zero.
Step 2: Move 3 units to the left of zero to indicate - 3 by an arrow as shown in number line 4.
Step 3: Number line 4 is the number line that has an arrow indicating the location of - 3.

Related Terms for Negative Integer

  • Decimal
  • Fraction
  • Less than
  • Number
  • Number Line
  • Zero