Definition of Negative Integer

A number which is less than zero but not a fraction or a decimal is called a Negative Integer.

More About Negative Integer

  • The negative integers are commonly denoted as Z.
  • It is represented by putting '-' sign before the number.

  • For each positive integer, there is a negative integer, and these integers are called opposites
  • It is shown to the left of zero on a number line.

Video Examples: Positive and Negative Integer Exponents

Examples of Negative Integer

  • In the number line shown above, the negative integers are - 1, - 2, - 3, - 4, - 5, - 6, - 7, - 8, and so on
  • Suppose a man gained $700 in one transaction and lost $1050 in another transaction. Then, overall he made $- 350 where '+' sign indicates profit and '-' sign indicates loss.
  • The value of the temperature 8 degrees below zero is - 8 degrees

Solved Example on Negative Integer

Ques: Identify the number line that has an arrow indicating the location of negative integer - 3.

    A. Number line 4
    B. Number line 3
    C. Number line 2
    D. Number line 1
    Correct Answer: A


    Step 1: The integer - 3 is located 3 units to the left of zero.
    Step 2: Move 3 units to the left of zero to indicate - 3 by an arrow as shown in number line 4.
    Step 3: Number line 4 is the number line that has an arrow indicating the location of - 3.

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