﻿ Definition and examples Joint variation | define Joint variation - Free Math Dictionary Online

# JOINT VARIATION

## Definition of Joint Variation

Joint variation is the same as direct variation with two or more quantities.

That is:
Joint variation is a variation where a quantity varies directly as the product of two or more other quantities
Let's first understand direct variation
Direct variation occurs when two quantities change in the same manner

That is:
Increase in one quantity causes an increase in the other quantity
Decrease in one quantity causes a decrease in the other quantity

For Example:
The cost of a pencil and the number of pencils you buy.
Direct variation between variables x and y can be expressed as:
y = kx, where 'k' is the constant of variation and k ≠ 0
y = kxz represents joint variation. Here, y varies jointly as x and z.

### More Examples on Joint Variation

y = 7xz, here y varies jointly as x and z
y = 7x2z3, here y varies jointly as x2 and z3
Area of a triangle = is an example of joint variation. Here the constant is 1. Area of a triangle varies jointly with base 'b' and height 'h'
Area of a rectangle = L x M represents joint variation. Here the constant is 1. Area of a rectangle varies jointly with length 'l' and width 'w'.

### Solved Example on Joint Variation

#### Solution:

• Step 1: First set up the equation. a varies jointly with b and c. a = kbc
• Step 2: Find the value of the constant, k. Given that a = 12 when b = 1 and c = 6
a = kbc
12 = k x 1 x 6
⇒ k = 2
• Step 3: Rewrite the equation using the value of the constant 'k'
a = 2bc
• Step 4: Using the new equation, find the missing value.
If b = 2 and c = 3, then a = 2 x 2 x 3 = 12
• Step 5: So, when a varies jointly with b and c and If b = 2 and c = 3, then the value of a is 12.

#### Real-world Connections for Joint Variation

Force = mass × acceleration. The force exerted on an object varies jointly as the mass of the object and the acceleration produced.

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